Mortgage Loan Basics
A mortgage loan can help you to purchase a new home. Mortgage loans are typically taken out to make up the difference between a home’s purchase price and the cash that you have available to make a down payment. Many new homeowners are often eligible for first-time buyer loans, which pay the entire amount of the home purchased, without the need for a down payment.
Understanding the basics of mortgage loans can help you to ensure that you choose the best loan for your new home. You should understand things such as interest rates and fees that are often charged on these loans.
Interest is only one of the charges that you may incur on a mortgage loan. This is the highest fee and is accrued annually. Interest rates on mortgages typically fall between 5 percent and 12 percent of the loan.
Other fees included in your mortgage loan may include fees for obtaining your credit report, application fees and any fees associated with the appraisal of the property that you are purchasing. In order for a mortgage lender to offer you a loan, you must show that the property you are purchasing is worth the amount that you are trying to borrow. All these fees are often listed together as origination fees.
Understanding your APR or Annual Percentage Rate will also help you to choose the best mortgage loan. The APR takes the base interest rate, and any other fees included, and provides a number that you can use to compare the different available loans. Fixed rate mortgage loans have an interest rate that will not increase or decrease throughout the life of your mortgage. Adjustable rate loans typically have a lower interest rate initially, although interest rates may increase every six months or so.
You need to understand that the term of your mortgage can actually add money to what you are required to pay back. For instance, a 15-year loan carries much less interest than a 30-year loan. Although the monthly mortgage payments may be lower for a 30-year loan, you will be paying twice as much interest when you extend your mortgage for 30 years. If you can afford the higher monthly payments, it is much better and less expensive to opt for a 15-year mortgage. Keep in mind that you always have to option of refinancing home loans, so if your situation changes at any point, you have options!
The actual mortgage on your home will be a piece of paper that outlines the terms of your home loan. You will sign the document and the mortgage lender will keep that document in exchange for loaning you the money to purchase your home. This piece of paper gives the mortgage company the right to take your home should you default or fail to make payments as outlined in the loan agreement.
When you receive a mortgage loan for your new home, it is crucial that you make your payments on time. Understanding these basics may help you to get a good loan with regards to interest rates and terms, but it will be your responsibility to ensure that you keep your mortgage payments current.